Turkish Scholar Discusses Armenian Genocide Reparations

Turkish scholar Sait Çetinoğlu
Turkish scholar Sait Çetinoğlu
YEREVAN (Armenpress)—It is hard to expect confrontation from Turkey, from a society which created its whole world through taking the neighbor’s wife, girl, work and fields. It is very difficult to overcome the moral and psychological situation which was created in 1915, Turkish scholar Sait Çetinoğlu said.

He stated that the Armenian Genocide was committed by the party-army-people cooperation, that’s why we deal with the issue of collective responsibility. “Besides the fact that Turkish people gained material interest from the Genocide, they declared the perpetrators of that crime as their heads which is another issue of responsibility. From this perspective, the recognition of the Genocide will mean destruction of paradigm of the country’s foundation,” he said.
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HDP Calls for Genocide Recognition, Reparations, Return of Stolen Property

HDP-620x264ANKARA, Turkey (ARMENIAN WEEKLY)—The Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) of Turkey released a statement on April 24 condemning the Turkish government’s denial of the Armenian Genocide and urging a full restoration of justice. Specifically, the HDP called for recognition of the genocide of Armenians and Syriacs (Assyrians), reparations for genocide victims, and the return of all seized and appropriated properties taken during and after the crime.

The statement also called for the lifting of the unilateral blockade imposed by Turkey on Armenia; the removal of genocide denial and hate speech from Turkish textbooks; an end to Turkey’s policy of racial and religious profiling; and the granting of citizenship to all those who trace their roots to the country.
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Genocide Reparations: A Matter of International Urgency in 2016

Thomas-Samuelian
By Tom Samuelian

If the horrors of 2015 and 2016 have taught us nothing else, it is that genocide reparations in 2016 are more pressing than a century ago – and not primarily for the Armenian victims and their descendants, but for international peace and security. The consequences of impunity for the Armenian Genocide have compounded for a century and now once again threaten the security of the community of nations. As the past year’s public statements and centennial events made amply clear, the Armenian Genocide has been recognized, over and again, even by those
countries and leaders that from time to time stammer at uttering the word. Paradoxically, this has multiplied the hazard of impunity. Commemoration without atonement teaches the wrong lesson. Continue reading →

Raymond Kevorkian: Genocide recognition phase is over, time to pursue reparations

There is a consensus in scholarly community on the fact of the Armenian Genocide

RaymondKevorkian

“The Armenian Genocide already has enough international recognition [there is also a consensus on this in the scholarly community]; now it is time to concentrate on the question of reparations”, said renowned French-Armenian historian, Professor at the University of Paris VIII, Saint-Denis Raymond Kevorkian in an exclusive interview with Nvard Chalikyan from Panorama.am. Dr. Kevorkian also emphasized the importance of Turkey to recognize the Armenian Genocide, as he believes Turkey continues to pose a threat to Armenia as long as it hasn’t recognized this crime.

Below is the complete interview.     

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Armenian Genocide Reparations Issue at the Twelfth Conference of the IAGS

Armenia - President Serzh Sargsyan addresses the conference of the International Association of Genocide Scholars, Yerevan, 8 July 2015.
Armenia – President Serzh Sargsyan addresses a conference of the International Association of Genocide Scholars, Yerevan, 8Jul2015.


The Twelfth Conference of the International Association of Genocide Scholars
took place in Yerevan between July 8 and 12, 2015. The theme of our Twelfth Conference was entitled Comparative Analysis of 20th Century Genocides. On July 12, one concurrent session discussed the “Armenian Genocide Reparations Issue.” Edita Gzoyan, Henry Theriault and Tamar Ankeshian presented papers. These are their papers’ abstracts:

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Theriault: 2015 and Beyond

The Armenian Weekly Magazine
April 2015: A Century of Resistance

This paper is an expansion of remarks given by the author at McGill University and the University of Toronto on March 18 and 20, 2015, respectively.

There is an oft-repeated false truism about genocide, that denial is the final stage of genocide. It is so unquestionably accepted that it has even made its way into formal stage-theories of genocide. It is, unfortunately, quite wrong. Denial is not the final stage of genocide, but rather present throughout most of the genocidal process. When they are doing it, perpetrators almost inevitably deny that what they are doing is genocide. For instance, Talaat and his cronies were adamant that their violence against Armenians was not one-sided mass extermination, but instead a response to Armenian rebellion and violent perfidy in Van and elsewhere. They maintained that the deportations were intended to move Armenians to other areas of the empire, not a means of destroying the Armenian population of village after village, town after town.

The sky above the Armenian Cemetery of Diyarbakir (Photo: Scout Tufankjian)

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Nolwenn Guibert and Sun Kim: Compensation for the Armenian Genocide: A Study of Recognition and Reparations

Nolwenn Guibert, a French lawyer and Sun Kim, an attorney from California presented the paper, “Compensation for the Armenian Genocide: A Study of Recognition and Reparations,” at a conference at The Hague. The conference organized by Alexis Demirdjian, the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies and the USC Dornsife Institute of Armenian Studies was entitled “The Armenian Genocide’s Legacy 100 Years Later.”

Nolwenn Guibert (Legal Officer) and Sun Kim (Associate Legal Officer) are in the Chambers Legal Support Section of the ICTY. The views expressed in this chapter are those of the authors alone and do not reflect those of the ICTY or the UN. The views expressed in other chapters of this book do not necessarily reflect Ms Guibert’s and Ms Kim’s personal views.

Abstract

On 16 December 2005 the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution 60/147 on the ‘Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law’ (‘Resolution 60/147’), affirming the importance of addressing the question of compensating victims of such violations in a systematic and comprehensive manner at national and international levels. Referring, inter alia, to various forms of reparation, namely restitution, compensation and satisfaction, Resolution 60/147 makes clear that the remedies to which victims are entitled should be envisioned along two broad spectra; first in acknowledging the wrongdoing caused and second in compensating the harm suffered.

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Susan Karamanian: The International Court of Justice and the Armenian Genocide

Susan Karamanian, the Associate Dean for International and Comparative Legal Studies at the George Washington University Law School spoke at a conference organized by Alexis Demirdjian, the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies and the USC Dornsife Institute of Armenian Studies at The Hague entitled “The Armenian Genocide’s Legacy 100 Years Later.” Karamanian spoke about the Armenian Genocide and the International Court of Justice.

Abstract

The Ottoman Empire’s massacre of Armenians in 1915–16 is one of the early genocides of the 20th century. Suggestions about how to provide legal accountability to the Armenians range from the filing of lawsuits in municipal courts, to the establishment of a claims process similar to that for victims of the Nazi Holocaust, to the creation of a truth and reconciliation commission like that established in South Africa to address apartheid.

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Geoffrey Robertson: Armenia and the G-word: The Law and the Politics

Founder and Head of Doughty Street Chambers, Geoffrey Robertson QC spoke at a conference organized by Alexis Demirdjian, the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies and the USC Dornsife Institute of Armenian Studies at The Hague entitled “The Armenian Genocide’s Legacy 100 Years Later.” Robertson’s speech was entitled, “Armenia and the G-Word: The Law and Politics.”

Abstract

‘Genocide’ in common parlance is the word that comes to mind whenever a massive death toll results from a state-backed onslaught on people of a disliked, demeaned and different ethnic group. As a matter of international law, a state is responsible for genocide when its agents, with the intention of destroying in whole or in part a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, kill or cause serious mental or bodily harm to, or inflict destructive conditions of life on, such a group. There is never much doubt about the sufferings undergone by the group — the question of responsibility generally hinges on whether there is proof that political or military leaders intended to rid the country of the group as a social unit. It is not sufficient just to disperse its members, but it is certainly not necessary to liquidate them all. Size, in fact, does not matter — the World Court (the ICJ) held that there was genocide at Srebrenica, which involved the killing of 7,000 Muslim men and the deportation of 18,000 women and children.

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Alexis Demirdjian: The Failure of Judicial Systems during Armed Conflicts

Alexis Demirdjian is the Director of the Centennial Project Foundation and organizer of the conference at The Hague entitled, “The Armenian Genocide’s Legacy 100 Years Later,” along with the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies and the USC Dornsife Institute of Armenian Studies. Demirdjian is also the editor of an academic book associated with the conference, “The Armenian Genocide Legacy.”

The author thanks Evelyn Anoya for reviewing and editing this chapter. The author also thanks Maud Marchand for her assistance in reviewing the colossal amount of ICTY evidence relating to the judicial system in the former Yugoslavia.

Member of the Quebec Bar (Montreal); Trial Lawyer, Office of the Prosecutor, International Criminal Court; LL.M. International Law. The views expressed in this chapter are those of the author alone and do not necessarily reflect those of the International Criminal Court.

Abstract

On 3 June 1992, in the third month of the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina, a group of 30 men of Serb ethnic background stormed the Northern Bosnian town of Teslić which was under Bosnian Serb control. This paramilitary group nicknamed the Miće Group3 managed to arrest hundreds of Bosnian Muslim and Croat civilians in less than three weeks, detained them in inhumane conditions, and repeatedly beat them, some succumbing to the beatings. On 30 June 1992, 16 members of the Miće were arrested when Serb authorities learned that they were persecuting Serb citizens, their ‘own people’. It was only then that Serb authorities acted and investigations began shortly thereafter.4 However, both the military and civilian police leadership quickly lodged protests with the prosecutor’s office, requesting the Miće’s release. The men were released one by one under threats and pressure and, by early August, they had reintegrated into their respective units. Meanwhile, thousands of Muslims and Croats had fled Teslić. This once multi-ethnic community had turned into a mono-ethnic municipality, crippled by terror and criminality. The ICTY deals mainly with leadership cases and six separate trials have addressed these atrocities in Teslić. The actual perpetrators, the members of the Miće Group, were arrested only in November 2014.

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